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IELTS – (Academic and General)
International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is known as the one of the most popular English language test in the world. Every year, more than 2.9 million peoples appear in this test. This test is taken to assess the English skills of a candidate in different modules. These modules include reading, listening, writing and speaking. This is a criteria to judge you that how well or easy it is for you to study, work, and learn in the English language countries.
It is a most common basic requirement in the immigration world. After achieving the required band Score in IELTS you will be able to study, live and work in different countries around the world. There are about 140 countries in the world that accepts the IELTS certificate as the proof of English language Proficiency. There are two types of IELTS which are:
- IELTS Academic
- IELTS General
(You can choose any one from them according to your reason for taking IELTS.)
If you have a dream to get higher education or professional registration in various foreign English speaking countries than you need to clear the IELTS Academic test. It contains the features of academic language. Also, it will help to evaluate that, are you ready to begin studying or training or not. The academic IELTS is accepted by so many famous institutions of the world for the higher education.
Candidates who want to go to the English speaking countries for work experience or training programs, they need to clear the IELTS General Training test. Also it is required when any individual wants to migrated to Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the UK. It is taken to test the basic survival skills of a candidate in broad social and workplace contexts.
IELTS IDP/ British Councli:
IELTS is a test which is invented by the British Council, IDP and University of Cambridge all together. In some countries, IDP is taking up the responsibility to conduct this test. There are some countries where the British Council took up the charge to conduct this test. Also in some countries both the IDP and British Council are in charge of this exam. India is also one of these countries where IELTS is offered by both the IDP and British Council. Just because of this reason most of the people get confused that where to go.
But here is a very interesting fact about IELTS, which is an answer to all your questions. The fact is that the IELTS exams are the same in all over the world, whether you are giving it in any State, any City or In any Country. Just like the location also it does not matter whether you are giving your exam through IDP or British Council. The pattern of exams, questions as well as marking Criteria of IELTS will be always same in both conditions.
Here we found some students who say that the marking criteria of British Council IELTS is easier than the IDP IELTS, but it’s not true. Because both the examiners of BC and IDP get trained in the same manner. The marking criteria followed by the examiner are same for both the IDP and British Council. So simply, it does not matter whether you are choosing British Council or IDP for IELTS, you will get the same marks according to your preparation. So, prepare well by choosing a best IELTS center in your Nearby location and get success. Don’t waste your time in thinking about British Council or IDP. Just prepare well and get success.
The Ielts Test Format
The Test consists of four modules, i.e. Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. All candidates take up the same ‘Listening and Speaking Modules’, though there’s a choice between the Academic and General Training in the ‘Reading and Writing Module’.
4 Sections, 40 items
3 Sections, 40 items
3 Sections, 40 items
2 tasks (150 and 250 words)
2 Tasks (150 and 250 words)
11 to 14 Minutes
Test Duration: 2 hours 45 minutes
The first three modules, i.e. Listening, Reading and Writing, must be completed in one day. However, the Speaking Module may be taken, at the sole discretion of the test centre, in the period seven days before or after other Modules.
The tests are designed to cover the entire range of ability from a non-user to an expert user.
Note:The Academic Reading and Writing Modules are designed with the intent of assessing whether a candidate is prepared to study or work in the medium of English at an undergraduate, postgraduate or professional level.
The General Training Reading and Writing Modules are not designed to test the complete range of formal language skills needed for academic purposes, but they emphasize on basic survival skills in a broad social and educational context. General Training is most suitable for candidates migrating to English speaking countries for completing their secondary education, to undertake work experience or training programmes not at degree level, or for immigration purposes to Australia, Canada and New Zealand. It is the sole responsibility of the candidate to inform the test centre whether he/she intends to take up the Academic or General Training Modules.
How to Prepare for IELTS (Common Tips)
Get familiarized with the format and pattern of IELTS right before taking up the test. Skills required for passing the IELTS test takes time to build up. You can’t cram things and think of passing out the test easily. Instead of wasting time and energy in useless cramming activities, you need to follow some IELTS Exam tips like manage your time and use it effectively. Sit to study when you feel fresh according to a planning timetable. Set goals and ensure you have adequate breaks in between.
All four modules: Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking, carry equal importance. You have to polish each skill carefully, and it is suggested to spend more time on the weakest IELTS module. Be aware of the exam pattern, order of each section, its length and question types. There are many easily available resources to help you practice all these skills well.
Preparing with a study partner or group is obviously an excellent idea. This may let you aware of issues that you might not even think of and overlooked. Seek the help from your family members or English teacher.
You cannot start with ABCD of English. You have to review your skill and know the techniques of passing the IELTS Exam. It is important to follow a healthy lifestyle including exercise, rest, east and sleep well for properly concentrating on your preparations.
Get familiar with the test location in advance. If you are totally new to the location, try to visit the place two to three weeks before the test day.
Join the best IELTS Institute in your town and seek expert guidance for test preparation.
IELTS Listening Tips
- All questions are compulsory in the listening test. No negative marking is done for incorrect answers.
- Stay tightly concentrated and focus until you complete the test. Even a slight diversion may make you lose the sequence of your answers making you feel panic and uneasy.
- IELTS Listening test consists of four sections and total 40 questions. This test has to be completed in 30 minutes and further 10 minutes are provided to transfer your answers onto ten answer sheet.
- At the beginning of each section of the recording, you will be given time to read the questions. Use this time to read the questions pertaining to that section (the voice on the tape will tell you how many questions to read) and underline the keywords in each question on the question booklet, just like “when”, “where”, “who” and “what”, which tells you what to listen for. Time is also provided at the end of each section to check your answers. Make effective use of this time also to read questions for the next section.
- If the question specifies that you do not have to use more than three words in your answer, then after writing 4 words you will not get any points for that question.
- Read the questions as well as instructions carefully. If you are asked to mark A, B, C and D as the answer of a question, do the same. Don’t write any phrase that corresponds to the answer.
- Answers in the recorded conversation appear in the same order as the questions are given.
- The speakers often correct themselves. They will say something initially and will then change the statement. For example, “We will go in March” is said first and then “No, let’s make it May”. The correct answer is the final statement, i.e. May and not March. Watch out for this and make sure you write the final correct answer.
- In case you omit an answer, don’t get nervous. Stay confident and get ready for the next answer.
- Immediately write down the answer on the question sheet itself. Don’t try to memorize the answers or to write on the answer sheet. You will be given ten minutes at the end of the test that are sufficient to transfer your answers onto the answer sheet.
- The IELTS listening part is easier than other modules, but it does not mean that you take it lightly and do not prepare it that seriously. It will fetch you good score and will boost your overall band score, so take it very seriously.
- Listen to some English programmes and new channels on RADIO at least half an hour on a daily basis. Don’t watch these programs on TV because TV is visual and scenes & visuals easily distract us. Listen but don’t hear!
- So these are some IELTS listening tips now let’s move to the reading section.
IELTS Reading Tips
- All questions are compulsory in the reading module. No negative marking is done for incorrect answers.
- The IELTS reading module is the most difficult part for many candidates. Candidate has to read three long sections, ea
ch with multiple paragraphs. Candidate has to answer total 40 questions (13 to 14 questions per section).
- The Academic Reading Module takes total 60 minutes. There are three reading passages with a total of 1500 to 2000 words.
- No extra time is given to the candidate at the end of the test to transfer your answers onto the answer sheet.
- The test material is picked from magazines, journals, books, and newspapers. While at least one text contains detailed logical arguments, one may include non-verbal content such as diagrams, articles or images.
- You have only 60 minutes to complete the test. So manage your time right before you start with your test.
- Scanning is what one does; for example, when looking for a phone number in a directory. You know the specific information you are looking for and you go down the page quickly to find it. This technique is used when answering questions such as multiple-choice and matching. You scan the passage to quickly find the information mentioned in the question. Once you find it, you catch the answer from the passage and write it against the question.
- Skimming refers to reading a paragraph quickly to get an idea of what it is about, without trying to understand its details. This technology is part of the initial reading (see below). It can be modified (reading a little slower) to answer “Provide headings for the paragraphs”, “In which paragraph does this information appear in the text?” and “Author’s views” sort of questions.
- Do not get stuck on one question. If you can’t get the answer, move on. It’s no problem as you can always come back to it later.
- First read the question and then remember it in your mind. Mark the keywords in the questions like dates, names, places, etc. This way you will get an idea of the type of information you will be looking for.
- Read the instructions carefully. This is very important because it’s is a READING test.
- All the questions in ONE PARTICULAR SET are in a specific sequence & order, and so is the information in the paragraph. And so, if you answer 1 of a SET then logically the info in the paragraph is for 2, and so on.
- Do at least one hour of reading daily in a quiet place & try to read at least 6 pages.
- Daily try to attempt one passage at least and try to do it in 20 minutes.
Now before using the IELTS reading tips let’s checkout the question type first.
Following types of questions are asked in the IELTS Reading Test:
- Multiple choice
- Short-answer questions
- Sentence completion
- Notes/ summary/ diagram/ flow chart/ table completion
- Choosing from a “heading bank” for identified paragraphs/ sections of the text
- Identification of writer’s views / attitudes/ claims
- Matching lists / phrases
Candidates can write their answers on the question paper, but they cannot take it out of the test room. All answers should be given in the answer sheet provided to the candidate.
IELTS Writing Tips
- IELTS Writing Task involves two tasks. Task 2 carries more marks. Spend more time on it. Twenty minutes on task 1 and 40 minutes on task 2 would make a fine balance.
- Task 2 is more important, so it is better to do it first and do the task 1 later. Make sure that you finish writing for each task in separately given areas.
- For both the writing tasks, it is a good idea to jot down your ideas on the question sheet so that you are aware of the outline of what you will be writing. It may take 2 or 3 minutes, but the time spent is worth it.
- In the IELTS Writing task 1, you have to describe a graph / table / diagram in AT LEAST 150 words. So practice describing all kinds of graphs, tables and different diagrams.
- If you write less than 150 words, you lose marks. If you write more, you are likely to make more mistakes and waste time as well. Try and stick to around 170 words.
- For task 1, spend some time looking at the graph/table first and try to understand the information given.
- It may not be possible to describe all the data as there may be too much of it given. Describe the relevant and most important parts.
- The best practice for Task 2, which tells you to present an argument, is to read the newspaper editorial and magazine articles on current topics, it will help you develop your thoughts.
- If there are multiple graphs / charts, describe any comparison or trend that can be carried out. One last sentence that tells statistics / trends.
Writing Module is divided into two tasks so, after the IELTS writing tips let’s move towards the task details.
- A suggested structure for writing task 2 is:
- Introduce the subject and tell your stand confidently, whether you agree or disagree.
- Give arguments in support of your viewpoint supported by relevant examples.
- State the contrary viewpoint and tell the reason why you do not agree with it.
- Wrap up with a short concluding paragraph.
- If there is time left at the end, revise your answers and correct any spelling or grammatical mistakes.
- A suggested structure for writing task 1 is:
- Introduction (what it is, do not copy the question. Use your imagination and write in your own words what is the data)
- In the next paragraph, write General trend, Comparisons and Differences. This step is of high importance.
- In the last paragraph, write the conclusion.
Use a pencil to write and take a new good quality eraser and sharpener with you. Write at least twenty words more than necessary limit. In this way the tester gets an idea that you have confidence and you can easily write.
Some Important Writing Task-2 Topics
- Sports/Games & many more…
IELTS Speaking Tips
- IELTS Speaking test consists of three parts. In the first part, the examiner introduces him and asks you your name, address, interests and occupation. This part is fairly simple and goes for 4 to 5 minutes.
- In the first part, the candidate has to give answers to very general questions about themselves, their homes/ families, their jobs/studies, their interests, and a range of similar familiar topic areas. This part lasts between four and five minutes.
- In the second part, you will be provided with a sheet of paper and a topic to write on it. You have to speak for 2 minutes on the given topic. You can’t ask for a change of topic. You are given 1 minute to write down your ideas.
- Make sure you read all the questions relating to the Cue Card written on the paper as provided by the examiner. It usually has two or three parts which you will have to talk about. Don’t miss out any question or you will lose marks.
- In part 3 examiners ask you some questions on what you have talked about.
- In Part 3 the examiner and candidate engage in a discussion of more abstract issues and concepts which are thematically linked to the topic prompt in Part 2. The discussion lasts between four and five minutes.
- The most important thing which will help you in the speaking test is to use English in your everyday conversations.
- Avoid using your native language for a few weeks before the test and converse only in English. This will make you confident and you will talk fluently in the test.
- Watch English movies or English programmes on television to improve your pronunciation and to expand your vocabulary.
- The thing you have to remember is: use easy words and expressions if you are not very confident and everything will go well.
- You don’t need to worry about accent. You will be marked on the basis of your fluency, vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and ideas.
- The conversation usually lasts up to 15-20 minutes and will be recorded. Don’t panic about that!!
The IELTS Speaking Tips is not finished yet. You can get more tips everyday by joining our IELTS Institutes in Chandigarh/ Ambala/ Kurukshetra or Amritsar locations.
If you are taking up the IELTS Test, you might have huge aspirations. So following these IELTS Tips must be added to your test preparation checklist if you are targeting the best IELTS results.